Department of Horticulture New York State Horticulture Study Guide for Youth 4-H Logo


Flowers &
Indoor Plants

Fruits & Nuts



Special Topics



Cornell University

Brassica juncea
(brass-ih-cah jun-see-ah)

mustard mustard mustard

Click on thumbnails for larger image.

What about it?

Mustard is an easy and fast-growing vegetable to raise. It is a member of the Mustard family along with broccoli, cabbage, and turnips.

What is it used for?

Mustard is grown for its tangy greens that are rich in Vitamins A and C.

Where does it grow? How do we grow it?

Mustard prefers a loamy, basic soil. It has the best taste if it is grown in a cool season: the warmer the weather, the spicier the taste. It can be sown d i rectly in the soil since it takes only 50 days to reach maturity. To maintain this rapid growth, the mustard plant will need plenty of water.

What are its primary problems?

Aphids, flea beetles, and cabbageworms might become a problem as well as downy mildew.

How do we harvest and store it?

The young leaves are the most tender. Cut the entire plant or just harvest individual leaves as you need them.

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Copyright, Department of Horticulture, Cornell University.