Department of Horticulture New York State Horticulture Study Guide for Youth 4-H Logo


Flowers &
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Cornell University

Juniperus sp.

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What about it?

Junipers are among the toughest and most adaptable of all evergreen shrubs. They thrive on hot sunny conditions and different species can be grown in every one of the 50 states. The fruit of the juniper is a berry-like cone. The foliage is scale-like.

What is it used for?

Depending on the species chosen, junipers can be used in a border, foundation planting, mass planting, hedge, and in a rock garden. Much success has been found when planting junipers for erosion control on slanted banks.

Where does it grow? How do we grow it?

The juniper grows best in full sun. It will tolerate poor, dry, well-drained soil but it does not do well in shady spots. Plant the shrubs 4 feet apart and ball and bag the mots when transplanting.

What are its primary problems?

Common ailments for junipers include the juniper tip blight, rusts, scale, mites, aphids, webworm, and bagworm. Also, as the juniper ages it tends to develop a ragged appearance.

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Copyright, Department of Horticulture, Cornell University.